Breeds - buffalo

Breeds - buffalo

Breed Image Breed Name Description
MURRAH imagesMURRAHFound - Rohtak, Fatehabad, Hisar and Jind of Haryana, Punjab. Other names - Delhi, Kundi, Kali Characteristics - Black colour with white patches on tail and face. Curved horn. Massive body with long head and neck. Female's head is short and fine. Hips are broad and fore and hind quarters are drooping. First calving - 47 to 50 months. Inter calving period - 480-500 days. Use - Most efficient milk and butter fat producers in India. Butter fat content is 7.83%. The average milk yield is 6.8 kg/day. Some animals may yield as much as 19.1 kg/day.
NILI RAVI imagesNILI RAVIFound - around Punjab near sutlej valley and Sahiwal of Pakistan. Characteristics - Black with white Patches on forehead, face, muzzle, legs and tail. Long head with fine muzzle. Medium sized frame. The strange speciality is their wall eyes. Small tightly coiled horns. long and thin neck. Milk yield - 1500-1850 kg per lactation. First calving - 45-50 months. Inter calving period - 500-550 days.
BHADAWARI imagesBHADAWARIFound - Agra, Etawah, Gwalior. Characteristics - Medium sized wedge shaped body. Small head, short and shout legs, and the hooves are black. Black and copper coloured body with brownish eye lids. Black horns and ‘Chevron’(white lines) are present below the neck. Use - The average milk yield is 752-810 kg. The bullocks are good draught animal with more heat tolerance. The high fat provider and fat content ranges from 6 - 12.5 %.
JAFFARABADI imagesJAFFARABADIOrigin - Gujarat Found - Gir forests, Kutch, and Jamnagar Gujarat. Characteristics - Black with massive head and neck. Wide forehead with a mild depression in the middle. Heavy horns emerge outside by compressing the head Use - Average milk yield is 2150 - 2340 kg per lactation. Fat content is 7.7% The heavy bullocks are used for ploughing and carting.
SURTI imagesSURTIOther names - charotari, Deccani, Dalabda Breeding tract - Vadodara, Kaira and Baroda of Gujarat. Colour - black or brown. Characteristics - Medium sized body with wedge shaped barrel. Long head, flat and sickle shaped horns. Speciality is two white collars, one round the jaw and the other at the brisket. Average milk yield 1300 kg. First calving - 45-50 months. Inter calving period - 400-500 days. Fat percentage - 8-12 %
MEHSANA imagesMEHSANAOrigin - Mehsana of gujarat. Developed by - cross breeding of Surti and Murrah. Other name - Mehsani. Characteristic - Black or black-brown in colour. Long body with light limbs. Head is long and heavy. Horns are sickle shaped and less curved than Murrah. Uses - Average milk yield varies from 1200-1500 kg. First calving - 3 years. Inter calving period - 450-550 days.
NAGPURI (OR) ELLICHPURI imagesNAGPURI (OR) ELLICHPURIBreeding tract - Nagpur, Akola and Amrawati of Maharashtra. Other names - Elitchpuri or Barari. Characteristics - Black coloured with white patches on face, legs and tail. Long, flat and curved horns, bending backward on each side of the back almost to shoulder. Horns act as their protective shield. Long neck and the face is long and thin. Use - Average milk yield is 700-1200 kg per lactation. First calving - 45-50 months. Inter calving period - 450-550 days.
GODAVARI imagesGODAVARIDeveloped - By crossing of native buffaloes with Murrah bulls. Home tract - Godavari and Krishna deltaic area. Characteristics - Medium sized compact body. Black skin with brown hair. Use - High fat with average milk yield of 5-8 litres and lactation yield of 1200-1500 litres. Regular breeding with short calving interval compared to Murrah.
TODA imagesTODANamed after an ancient tribe, Toda of Nilgiris of south India. Colour - calf is light yellow at birth. Adult is generally fawn or ash-grey. Characteristics - Distinct breed and indigenous to Nilgiri hills. Deep,long body and broad chest and short and strong legs. Heavy head with well set horns, curving inward outward and forward. Thick hair coat and are gregarious in nature.
PANDHARPURI imagesPANDHARPURINative - Kolhapur, Solapur of Maharashtra. Colour - light or deep black. Characteristics - Long narrow face, straight nasal bone, and narrow frontal bone and long compact body. Long horns usually twisted outwards extending beyond shoulder blade, sometimes up to pin bones.
Luit buffalo (Swamp) imagesLuit buffalo (Swamp)These are swamp buffaloes having 48 diploid no. of chromosome (2N) and distributed mostly in upper Brahmaputra valley of Assam. These are also found in some areas of Mizoram, Manipur and Nagaland bordering Assam. Luit is a medium sized black coloured buffalo with compact body and strong built up. Forehead is broad with conical face and wide muzzle. Eyes are prominent. Horns are broad at base, curved upward to form a semi circle and taper to a narrow tip. Light white stockings up to the knee are present in both fore and hind legs. Tail is short reaching up to the hocks. Udder is bowl shaped and small in size. Lactation milk yield ranges from 385 to 505kg. Bullocks are excellent draft animals for carting and ploughing especially in muddy field for paddy cultivation.
Bargur buffalo imagesBargur buffaloThese buffaloes are found in the Bargur hills in Tamil Nadu. Coat colors vary from black to light brown or brownish black. Greyish white stockings from carpal/tarsal joint to fetlock are present predominantly in females. These buffaloes are maintained under extensive system and are reared for manure, milk and meat (male calves are sold for cara-beef). The animals are adapted to graze in the hilly terrain due its small size (about 102cm in height). The milk yield of the animals ranges from 1.5 to 2.0 liters per day and mainly used for house hold consumption.
Marathwadi imagesMarathwadiAlso known as “Ellichpuri” and “Dudhana Thadi”, the breed represents a very ancient indigenous type characterized with large built and long flat horns. The breeding tract includes Parbhani, Nanded, Beed, Jalna and Latur districts of Maharashtra. The breed is maintained for milk as well as draught/transport purposes. The animals are greyish black to jet black in colour and white markings are sometimes present on forehead and lower parts of the limbs. Horns are medium in length and parallel to the neck, reaching up to shoulder but never beyond shoulder blade. Distinguishing feature from Pandharpuri breed is the length of the horns, which reach only up to shoulder, unlike in Pandharpuri breed wherein they may even reach up to pin bones sometimes. The animals are reared in semi-intensive management system in mixed herd comprising cattle and buffaloes. They are usually fed sorghum, paddy straw, sugarcane leaves/tops and grasses. Milking animals are offered concentrate.
Banni imagesBanniBanni buffaloes are also known as “Kutchi” or “Kundi”. The breeding tract includes the Banni area of Kutchchh district of Gujarat. The breeds are mostly maintained by maldharis under locally adapted typical extensive production system in its breeding tract. The animals are adapted to local conditions of Kutchchh such as repeated droughts, low availability of water, high ambient temperatures and low humidity etc. Soil of Banni area is highly calcareous, saline and loam sandy with poor water holding capacity, low permeability and prone to erosion. Banni buffaloes are trained to graze on banni grassland during night and brought to the villages in the morning for milking. This traditional system of buffalo rearing has been adapted to avoid the heat stress and high temperature of the day. Banni buffalo has unique qualities of adaptation such as the ability to survive water scarcity conditions, to cover long distances during periods of drought and disease resistance.
Chilika imagesChilikaThe breed got its name from the name of its native tract, which is surrounding the Chilika lake in the State of Odisha. The breeding tract of the breed includes Cuttack, Ganjam, Puri and Khurda districts of Odisha. The area mostly comprises of saline zone. These buffaloes feed on submerged weeds and aquatic vegetations in saly waters of chilika lake.Chilika buffalo is also known as “Deshi”. Major utility of the breed is milk, manure and draught. The colour of Chilika buffalo is brownish black or black. The buffalo is medium sized with comp act body, strong legs and small udder. Horns are black, straight, curved upward and inward. Average lactation milk yield is 500 kg with an average milk fat of 8.7%. The lactation milk yield ranges from 440 to 514 kilo grams and milk fat ranges from 8.5 to 8.8%.
Kalahandi imagesKalahandiNamed after the place of origin (Kalahandi in the State of Odisha), Kalahandi is a buffalo breed reared for milk, draught and manure. It is also known as “Deshi”. The breeding tract includes Kalahandi and Rayagada districts of Odisha. Coat colour ranges from blackish grey to grey. They have flat foreheads with golden hairs. Few animals possess unique whitish marks in neck region. Horns go horizontally backward, upward and inward to make a half-circle appearance. The muzzle, eyelids, tail and hoofs are black in colour. Head is convex, hump is small and the udder is round and medium in size. Tail extends below hock with coarse hairs on switch. The animals are well-adapted to low input extensive management system and graze in forest, hillocks, road-side vegetation or harvested vegetation throughout the day. Buffaloes are milked only once in the morning before grazing. Lactation milk yield is moderate, ranging from 680 to 912 Kg per lactation. Draught toleran