Breeds - cattle

Breeds - cattle

Breed Image Breed Name Description
Gir imagesGir• This breed is otherwise known as Bhadawari, Desan, Gujarati, Kathiawari, Sorthi, and Surati. • Originated inGir forests of South Kathiawar in Gujarat also found in Maharashtra and adjacent Rajasthan. • Basic colours of skin are white with dark red or chocolate-brown patches or sometimes black or purely red. • Horns are peculiarly curved, giving a ‘half moon’ appearance. • Milk yield ranges from 1200-1800 kgs per lactation. • Age at first calving 45-54 months and inter calving period from 515 to 600 days. • This is known for its hardiness and disease resistance.
Sahiwal imagesSahiwal• Originated in Montgomery region of undivided India. • This breed otherwise known as Lola (loose skin), Lambi Bar, Montgomery, Multani, Teli. • The best indigenous dairy breed. • The colour is reddish dun or pale red, sometimes flashed with white patches. • Heavy breed with symmetrical body having loose skin. • The average milk yield of this breed is between 1400 and 2500 kg per lactation. • Age at first calving ranges from 37 to 48 months and the calving interval is 430 to 580 days.
Hallikar imagesHallikar• Originated from the former princely state of Vijayanagarm, presently part of Karnataka. • The colour is grey or dark grey. • They are compact, muscular and medium size animal with prominent forehead, long horns and strong legs. • The breed is best known for its draught capacity and especially for its trotting ability.
Amritmahal imagesAmritmahal• Originated in Hassan, Chikmagalur and Chitradurga district of Karnataka. • The Maharajahs of Mysore developed this breed. • Amiritmahals are grey cattle but their shade varies from almost white to near black. • The muzzle, feat and tail are usually black. • Horns are long and end in sharp black points.
Khillari imagesKhillari• Originated fromSholapur and Sitapur districts of Maharashtra. • Closely resembles Hallikar breed. • Grey-white in colour. New borns have dusty red colour which disappears in couple of months. • Long horns turn forwards in a peculiar fashion. The horns are generally black, sometimes pinkish. • Bullocks are fast and powerful.
Kangayam  imagesKangayam • Also known as kongu and konganad. • Originated in Kangayam, Dharapuram, Perundurai, Erode, Bhavani and part of Gobichettipalayam taluk of Erode and Coimbatore district. • The Kangayam breed was developed by the efforts of the late Pattogar of Palayakottai, Sri N. Nallathambi Sarkari Manradiar. • Coat is red at birth, but changes to grey at about 6 months of age. • Bulls are grey with dark colour in hump, fore and hind quarters. • The horns are spread apart, nearly straight with a slight curve backwards. • Cows are grey or white. However, animals with red, black, fawn and broken colours are also observed. • The eyes are dark and prominent with black rings around them. • Moderate size with compact bodies.
Bargur imagesBargur• Found around Bargur hills in Bhavani taluk of Erode district. • Developed for work in uneven hilly terrains. • Bargur cattle are of brown colour with white markings. Some white or dark brown animal are also seen. • Animals are well built, compact and medium in size. • Known for their speed and endurance in trotting. • Cautious in behaviour and tends to remain away from strangers.
Umblachery imagesUmblachery• It is otherwise called asJathi madu, Mottai madu, Molai madu, Therkathi madu. • Originated in Thanjavur, Thiruvarur and Nagappattinam districts of Tamil Nadu. • Suitable for wet ploughing and known for their strength and sturdiness. • Umblachery calves are generally red or brown at birth with all the characteristic white marking on the face, on limbs and tail. • The legs have white markings below the hocks like socks. • The practice of dehorning of bullocks is peculiar in Umblachery cattle. Unlike in other breeds the bullocks are dehorned.
Pulikulam imagesPulikulam• This breed is commonly seen in cumbum valley of Madurai district in Tamilnadu. • Also known as Jallikattu madu, kidai madu, sentharai. • Small in size, usually grey or dark grey with farm markings. • Well- developed hump. • Mainly used for penning in the field. • Useful for ploughing. • Presence of reddish or brownish spots in muzzle, eyes, switch and back is the characteristic feature of this breed. • They have the typical backward curving horns of Mysore type cattle.
Tharparkar imagesTharparkar• Originated in Tharparkar district (Pakistan) of undivided India and also found in Rajasthan. • Otherwise known as White Sindhi, Gray Sindhi and Thari. • They are medium sized, compact and have lyre-shaped horn. • Body colour is white or light grey. • The bullocks are quite suitable for ploughing and casting and the cows yield 1800 to 2600 kg of milk per lactation. • Age at first calving ranges from 38 to 42 months and inter calving period from 430 to 460 days.
Hariana imagesHariana• It was originated from Rohtak, Hisar, Jind and Gurgaon districts of Haryana and also popular in Punjab, UP and parts of MP. • Horns are small. • The bullocks are powerful work animals. • Hariana cows are fair milkers yielding 600 to 800 kg of milk in lactation. • The age at first calving is 40 to 60 months and calving interval is 480 to 630 days.
Kankrej imagesKankrej• It is otherwise called as Wadad or Waged, Wadhiar. • Originated from Southeast Rann of Kutch of Gujarat and adjoining Rajasthan (Barmer and Jodhpur district). • The horns are lyre-shaped. • Colour of the animal varies from silver-grey to iron-grey or steel black. • The gait of Kankrej is peculiar called as 1 ¼ paces (sawai chal). • Kankrej is valued for fast, powerful, draught cattle. Useful in ploughing and carting. • The cows are good milkers, yielding about 1400 kg per lactation.
Ongole imagesOngole• Otherwise known as Nellore. • Home tract is Ongole taluk in Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh. • Large muscular breed with a well developed hump. • Suitable for heavy draught work. • White or light grey in colour. • Average milk yield is 1000 kg per lactation. Age at first calving is 38 to 45 months and the intercalving period is 470 days. • Exported to south East Asian and American countries for development of meat cattle.
Krishna Valley imagesKrishna Valley• Originated from black cotton soil of the water shed of the river Krishna in Karnataka and also found in border districts of Maharastra. • Animals are large, having a massive frame with deep, loosely built short body. • Tail almost reaches the ground. • Common colour grey white with a darker shade on fore quarters and hind quarters in male. Adult females are more whitish in appearance. • The bullocks of this breed are powerful animals useful for slow ploughing, and valued for their good working qualities. • The cows are fair milkers, average yield being about 900 kg per lactation.
Deoni imagesDeoni• This breed otherwise known as Dongerpati, Dongari, Wannera, Waghyd, Balankya, Shevera. • Originated in Western Andra Pradesh and also found in Marathwada region of Maharashtra state and adjoining part of Karnataka. • Body colour is usually spotted black and white. • Age at first calving ranges from 894 to 1540 days. • Milk yield ranges from 636 to 1230 kg per lactation. • Caving interval averages 447 days. • Bullocks are suitable for heavy cultivation.
Red Sindhi imagesRed Sindhi• This breed is otherwise called as Red Karachi and Sindhi and Mahi. • Originated in Karachi and Hyderabad (Pakistan) regions of undivided India and also reared in certain organized farms in our country. • Colour is red with shades varying from dark red to light, strips of white. • Milk yield ranges from 1250 to 1800 kg per lactation. • Age at first calving 39-50 months and inter calving period from 425-540 days. • Bullocks despite lethargic and slow can be used for road and field work.
Ladakhi cattle imagesLadakhi cattleLadakhi cattle are native to Ladakh region of Jammu & Kashmir. These are small sized and short statured black or brown colored animals well adapted to extreme cold climatic and hypoxic conditions. Body is compact with short legs that make this cattle more adapted to mountainous terrains. These cattle are reared under extensive system for milk, draft and manure purposes. Horns are curved slightly upward and forward ending with pointed tips over the forehead. Forehead is straight, small and hairy with slightly long face. Udder is small in size and bowl shaped. Milk yield is around 2 to 5kg/day. Milk has high fat percentage of around 5% and used mainly for producing butter and churpi, important part of diet of local people.
Konkan Kapila imagesKonkan KapilaDistributed in Konkan region of Maharashtra and Goa. The animals are of various coat colours, predominant being reddish brown/black, however white/grey, mixed and in few animals brown or fawn coat colour is also available. The animals are small to medium in size with compact body, straight face, small to medium sized hump and dewlap. Generally straight and small sized horn emerge from side of the poll behind and above eyes in outward and going upwards and backwards ending with pointed tips. Konkan Kapila cattle are low milk producers (around 2.25 kg/day) and possess good draft ability suited to hilly terrain and hot and humid climate of its native tract.
Bachaur imagesBachaurThe breeding tract of Bachaur cattle is Sitamarhi, Dharbanga and Madhubani district of Bihar. They are also known as “Bhutia”. They are now mostly concentrated in the areas adjoining Nepal border of India, comprising Bachaur and Koilpur sub-divisions of Sitamarhi district of Bihar State. The breed has very close similarity to the Hariana breed. The breed is primarily utilized for draft qualities and ability to thrive with lower quality feeds. Common colours of Bachaur cattle are grey or greyish white. They are compact with straight backs, well-rounded barrels, short necks and muscular shoulders. The forehead is broad and flat or slightly convex. The eyes are large and prominent. The horns are medium-sized and stumpy, curving outward, upward and downward. The breed is mainly used for work and bullocks can work for long periods without any break. Average milk yield per lactation of Bachaur cow is 347 kg with an average milk fat of 5 %. The lactation milk yield r
Dangi imagesDangiThe breeding tract of Dangi breed includes the Dangs district of Gujarat and Thane, Nasik, Ahmednagar districts of Maharashtra. Dangi breed is also known as “Kandadi”. Dangi cattle are extensively used for ploughing, harrowing and other field operations, and for carting timber from forest area. The breed is well known for its excellent working qualities in heavy rainfall areas, rice fields and hilly tracts. The animals are adapted to heavy rainfall conditions. The skin exudes an oily secretion, which protects them from heavy rain. Dangi cattle have distinct white coat colour with red or black spots distributed unevenly over the body. Horns are short and thick with lateral pointing tips. Animals with inward pointing horns or downward pointing horn tips are also available in sizable numbers. The head is usually small with a slightly protruding forehead. Average milk yield per lactation is 430 kilo grams with an average milk fat of 4.3%. The lactation milk yield r
GAOLAO imagesGAOLAOGaolao is a breed of western and middle part of India and known for its agility. The breed is also known as “Arvi” and “Gaulgani”. The breeding tract of the breed includes Balaghat, Chhindwara, Seoni districts of Madhya Pradesh; Durg and Rajnandgaon districts of Chattisgarh and Wardha and Nagpur districts of Maharashtra. The breed is suitable for transportation in hilly areas. The breed resembles Ongole breed, except that it is lighter. The coat colour is blackish white in males and white in females. Males are generally grey over the neck. Horns are short, stumpy and curved slightly backward. Head is markedly long and taper towards muzzle. Forehead recedes at the top giving a slightly convex appearance. Bullocks are trained for moving fast. The milk yield is low with an average of 604 kg per lactation with 4.32% fat (ranges between 470 to 725 kg per lactation).
Kenkatha imagesKenkathaAlso known as “Kenwaria”, the breeding tract comprises Tikamgarh district of Madhya Pradesh and Lalitpur, Hamirpur and Banda districts of Uttar Pradesh. Kenkatha breed is maintained mainly for draught purpose and are very popular for light draught on road and for cultivation. The animals are small, sturdy and powerful, varying in colour from grey on the barrel to dark grey on rest of the body. The horns emerge from the outer angles of the poll in forward direction and end in sharp points. The animals are maintained in extensive management system. Cows and young stock are maintained only on grazing while bullocks are usually fed good quality straws. They are known for their peculiar characteristic to thrive on poor feed resources.
Kherigarh imagesKherigarhKherigarh is a draught purpose breed and the breeding tract includes “Kheri” district of Uttar Pradesh. The breed has been named after this area. The breed is also known by various names like “Kheri”, “Kharigarh” and “Khari”. Bullocks are very good for draught purposes and can run very fast. The animals of this breed are small but active. Kherigarh have white coat colour. Some animals have grey colour distributed all over the body, especially on face. Horns are upstanding, curving outward and upward and thick at the base. The standard lactation milk yield ranges from 300 to 500 kilo grams.
Malvi imagesMalviMalvi is named after its place of origin viz. “Malwa” region. It is also known by synonyms as “Mahadeo puri” & “Manthani”. The breeding tract includes Rajgarh, Shajapur, Ratlam and Ujjain districts of Madhya Pradesh. Malvi cattle are white or white greyish - darker in males, with neck, shoulders, hump and quarters almost black. Cows and bullocks become nearly pure white with age. The horns are curved and emerge from the outer angle of the poll in an outward and upward direction and are about 20 - 25 cm in long. The animals are well known for quick transportation, endurance and ability to carry heavy load on rough roads. The animals of this breed are strong and well–built. The average milk yield in this breed is around 916 Kg per lactation with 4.3% fat and ranges from 627 Kg to 1227 Kg.
Mewati imagesMewatiMewati, also known as “Kosi” or “Mehwati”, is a draught purpose breed. The breeding tyract includes Gurgaon and Faridabad districts of Haryana: Alwar and Bharatpur Districts of Rajasthan and Mathura District of Uttar Pradesh. Mewati cattle are powerful and docile, and are useful for heavy ploughing, carting and drawing water from deep wells. They are similar to Hariana but there are traces of influence of Gir, Kankrej and Malvi breeds also. Mewati cattle are usually white with neck, shoulders and quarters of a darker shade. Horns are small to medium in size and emerge outwards, upwards and then inwards in majority of animals. However, in some animals the horns emerge outwards and upward. Tips of the horns are pointed. Face is long and narrow with straight, sometimes slightly bulging forehead. The average lactation yield reported is around 958 Kg.
NAGORI imagesNAGORIThe breeding tract of Nagori breed is Bikaner, Jodhpur and Nagaur district of Rajasthan. The breed takes its name from the name of the home tract i.e., Nagaur district but animals are also found in adjoining Jodhpur district and Nokha tehsil of Bikaner district. They are White in colour and are upstanding, very alert and agile animals with long and narrow face like that of a horse. Considering the proximity of the native tracts of the Hariana breed of cattle in the north and northeast and Kankrej breed of cattle in the south and southwest, it seems reasonable to suppose that Nagori cattle may have evolved from these breeds. Nagori cattle are fine, big, upstanding, active and docile, with white and grey colour. They have long, deep and powerful frames, with straight backs and well-developed quarters. The face is long and narrow but the forehead is flat and not so prominent. The eyelids are rather heavy and overhanging and the eyes are small, clear and bright. The ears ar
Nimari imagesNimariNimari, also known as “Khargaon”, “Khargoni” and “Khurgoni”, is a prominent draught breed of central India named after its place of origin (Nimar region of Madhya Pradesh). Its breeding tract comprises Khargaon (West Nimar) and Badwani districts of Madhya Pradesh. Few pure-bred animals are also found in adjoining districts of Maharashtra. Believed to have originated from crossing of Gir and Khillar breeds, it inherits characteristics of both. It is red in colour with large white splashes and possesses massive body, convex forehead, and has horns that resembles Gir breed. Horns usually emerge in a backward direction from the outer angles of the poll, some what in the same manner as in Gir cattle, turning upward, outward and finally inward. Hardiness, agility and temper have inherited from Khillar. Prized primarily for draught work, the animals are maintained chiefly for agricultural operations with occasional use in transportation. Average milk yield of the b
Ponwar  imagesPonwar Ponwar, a draught breed of cattle from North India, is believed to be evolved from a mix of hilly cattle (Morang - Nepalese hill cattle) and plain land cattle. It is also known as “Purnea”. Its breeding tract is the Pilibhit district of Uttar Pradesh. There is no particular pattern but black and white patches are intermixed. They possess medium sized horns, which generally emerge outward, upward and then curve inward with pointed tips. The animals behave in semi-wild manner and are tough to control. They move in groups putting their heads down in between each other which is a peculiar behavior that has emerged due to fear from predators. The animals are maintained in extensive management system, without provision of sheds and are raised entirely on grazing in forestland without feed supplementation. Females are generally not milked and calves are allowed to suckle the milk. Bullocks are fast movers and therefore used both for agricultural operations and transporta
Punganur imagesPunganurPunganur is a dwarf dual purpose cattle breed and mainly confined to Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh. This breed was developed by Rulers of Punganur area and hence named after the area. The breeding tract is confined to the taluks of Punganur and adjacent taluks of Vayalpad, Madnapalli and Palamaner in Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh. It is mainly maintained at Livestock Research Station, Palamaner, Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh, attached to Shri Venkateswara Veterinary University, Tirupati. Some animals are also maintained by private breeders. It is white, grey or light brown to dark brown or red in colour. Sometimes, animals with white colour mixed with red, brown or black coloured patches are also seen. Well-noticed by its short stature, the breed has a broad forehead and short horns. The horns are crescent shaped and often loose curving backward and forward in males and lateral and forward in females. Known for draught resistance, it can thrive well on dr
Rathi imagesRathiRathi is an important milch breed of cattle found in the arid regions of Rajasthan. This breed functions as a major livelihood source for the farmers in this region. It takes its name from a pastoral tribe called Raths who are Muslims of Rajput extraction and lead a nomadic life. Rathi animals are particularly concentrated in Loonkaransar tehsil of Bikaner district, which is also known as Rathi tract. The Breeding tract of this breed lies in the heart of Thar Desert consisting of Bikaner, Ganganagar and Jaisalmer districts of Rajasthan. Rathi cattle are thought to have evolved from intermixing of Sahiwal, Red Sindhi, Tharparkar and Dhanni breeds with a preponderance of Sahiwal blood. The animals are usually brown with white patches all over the body, but animals having completely brown or black coat with white patches are also seen. The eco system in its native tract is fragile and the lands are less fertile with very low productivity. Scorching summer (50 degree C), c
Red Kandhari imagesRed KandhariOriginated from Kandhar tehsil in Nanded district of Maharashtra, Red Kandhari is also known as Lakhalbunda”. It is a draught breed of cattle. Its breeding tract comprises Ahmadnagar, Parbhani, Beed, Nanded and Latur districts of Maharashtra. The colour is uniform deep dark red, but variations from a dull red to almost brown are also found. Bulls are a shade darker than cows. Horns are evenly curved and medium sized. The animals are maintained under extensive management system on grazing only in small herds. Small amount of concentrate is offered to bullocks, male calves and milking animals. The bullocks are used for heavy agricultural work like ploughing and carting as well as for transportation. The cows produce fair quantity of milk with an average of 598 Kg per lactation with average fat percentage of 4.57%.
Siri imagesSiriSiri is a small sized draught purpose breed of hilly region of West Bengal and Sikkim. The breed is also known as “Trahbum”. The breeding tract of the breed includes Darjeeling district of West Bengal and Sikkim north, Gyalshing, Namchi, Gangtok, Sikkim east, Sikkim south and Sikkim west of Sikkim. The breed is either black or brown with white patches, though totally black or brown animals are also available. The hump is cervico-thoracic type with tuft of hair on it. Horns are medium sized and curved outward, forward and slightly upward with sharp and pointed tips. The animals can graze in the steep slope of hilly forest. Animals are housed in slope of hills in open houses. The males are mainly reared for draught purpose in the hilly area and sometimes they are the only source of draught power. The breed produces very less amount of milk averaging around 425.8 kg per lactation with fat percentage varying from 2.8 to 5.5%.
Vechur imagesVechurVechur is one of the dwarf cattle breeds of India, with an average length of 124 cm and height of 87 cm, it is considered to the smallest cattle breed in the world. It is known by the name of a place Vechur - a small place by the side of Vembanad lake near Vaikam in Kottayam district of South Kerala. The breeding tract includes Alapuzzha/ Alleppey, Kottayam, Pathanamthitta and Kasargode districts of Kerala. The animals are light red, black or fawn and white in colour. In bulls, colour in between fore and hindquarters is relatively dark or dark grey. Horns are small, thin curving forward and downward. In some cases, they are extremely small and are hardly visible. The animals are well adapted to the hot and humid climate of the area. The animals are maintained for manure and milk. Milk production is relatively higher than any other dwarf cattle. Average milk yield is 561 Kg per lactation and the milk fat percent ranges from 4.7 to 5.8.
Motu imagesMotuThese dwarf cattle are used for draught purpose in hilly and undulated terrain and the breed is named after local area "Motu" of Malkangiri district in Orissa. Their breeding tract comprises southern part of Malkangiri district and adjoining area of Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh. Heavy concentration of animals is found in Motu, Kalimela, Podia and Malkangiri areas of Malkangiri district in Orissa. Sandy and clay type soil is predominant in this area. Coat colour is mainly brown (reddish) and sometimes grey. Few animals are white in colour. Animals of this breed are mostly polled and horns whenever present emerge straight and upward and end with rounded tip. Though the breed is small sized they are strong in built. The milk yield is meager and ranges from 100 to 140 Kg in a lactation with 4.8 to 5.3% fat.
Ghumusari imagesGhumusariGhumusari breed of cattle is also known as “Deshi”. Breeding tract includes western part of Ganjam district and adjoining areas of Phulbani district of Odisha. It is chiefly a draught cattle breed, but few animals are maintained for milk, manure and fuel. The draughtability of bullocks is considered superior than other breeds of bullocks in the native tract. The animals are small sized and strong in built. They are chiefly white in color, but sometimes shades of grey are also visible. The horns are medium sized, mostly curved upward and inward, but some animals having straight horns as well. The animals of this breed have a small head with flat, broad forehead, depressed in between the eyes. The animals are maintained in semi-intensive management system, and rarely fed any concentrate. Lactating cows and bullocks are fed with straw, rice bran and kitchen waste. Cows are milked only once in morning hours. The milk yield per lactation ranges from 450-650 kg, with
Binjharpuri imagesBinjharpuriBinjharpuri, also known as “Deshi”, is a breed of cattle found in Jajpur, Kendrapara and Bhadrak districts of Odisha, maintained for milk, draught and manure. Animals are medium sized, strong and chiefly white in colour. Some animals are Grey, Black or Brown. In males, the hump, neck and some regions of face and back are black in colour irrespective of their coat color. Horns are medium in size and curved upward and inward. The milk yield per lactation ranges from 915-1350 kg with milk fat ranging from 4.3-4.4%.
Binjharpuri imagesBinjharpuriBinjharpuri, also known as “Deshi”, is a breed of cattle found in Jajpur, Kendrapara and Bhadrak districts of Odisha, maintained for milk, draught and manure. Animals are medium sized, strong and chiefly white in colour. Some animals are Grey, Black or Brown. In males, the hump, neck and some regions of face and back are black in colour irrespective of their coat color. Horns are medium in size and curved upward and inward. The milk yield per lactation ranges from 915-1350 kg with milk fat ranging from 4.3-4.4%.
Khariar imagesKhariarKhariar is named after its native tract "Khariar" in Nuapada district of Odisha. Breeding tract comprises Nuapada, Kalahandi and Balangir districts of Odisha. Heavy concentration of animals of this breed is found in Khariar, Komna, Sinapali and Boden blocks of Nuapada district. Coat colour is mainly brown and sometimes grey. Horns are straight and often emerge upward and inward. Animals of this breed are small sized and of strong built. Hump, neck, and some regions of face and back are dark in colour. The breed is used for draught purpose in its native tract, which is hilly and undulated. The lactation milk yield ranges from 300 to 450 Kg with 4 to 5 % Fat.
Kosali imagesKosaliThe breed is predominantly seen in the plains of Chhattisgarh and the breeding tract includes Raipur, Durg, Bilaspur and Janjgir districts. The ancient name of this region was ‘Kowshal’. Farmers particularly of Yadava/Rawuth communit y are keeping this breed of cattle, generation after generation. These are mainly reared for manure, draught and milk. Most predominant colour is light red, followed by whitish grey. Few animals having black coat colour or red with white patches are also seen. Horns are stumpy, emerging straight, then going outward, upward, and inward from the polls. Muzzle, eyelids, tail switch and hooves are black. Head is broad, flat and straight. Hump is small to medium in size. Udder small and bowl shaped. Bullocks of this breed are very efficient for ploughing in paddy fields and other operations in the paddy fields. The average milk yield per lactation is 210 kg with an average milk fat % of 3.5. The lactation yield ranges from 200 to 250
Malnad Gidda imagesMalnad GiddaMalnad Gidda is also known as “Gidda”, “Uradana” and “Varshagandhi”. “Malnad” means a hilly region and “Gidda” means small or dwarf. The breeding tract of this breed includes Chikmagalur, Dakshin Kannada, Hassan, Kodagu, Shimoga, Uttar Kannada and Udupi districts of Karnataka. They play a major role in the rural economy of this region by providing milk, manure and draft power with negligible inputs. They are well adapted to the local agro-ecological systems of Western Ghats. The predominant coat colour is black with light shades of fawn on thigh and shoulder region. Horns are generally small, straight, outward, upward and inward. They are small with compact body frame and adult animals are around 90 centimetres tall. Tail switch is black in color, hump is small, udder is also small and bowl shaped. Malnad Gidda cattle are reared under low input low output system. In some areas, it is zero input system where animals sustain solely on grazing. Eli
Belahi imagesBelahiBelahi breed of cattle are also known as Morni/ Desi. The breeding tract of this breed lies in the foothills of Shivalik in Haryana State and includes Ambala, Panchkula, Yamunanagar districts of Haryana and Chandigarh. Term ‘Belaha’ is used to describe mixture of colours. Animals of this breed are migratory in nature and are maintained on low input cost. Most common colour of the animals are Reddish brown, Grey or white. Horns are sickle shaped curving upwards and inwards. Animals are medium sized and having uniform but distinct body colour pattern. The face and extremities are white in colour and different degrees of white colour can be seen on ventral part of body. Head is straight and broad with prominent poll. The average standard lactation yield is 1014 Kg ranging from 182 to 2092 Kgs with average milk fat % of 5.25 ranging from 2.37 to 7.89 %
Gangatiri imagesGangatiriGangatiri is also known as Eastern Hariana or Shahabadi. The breeding tract includes Bhojpur district of Bihar and Varanasi, Mirzapur, Ghazipur and Ballia districts of Uttar Pradesh. The animals of this breed are medium milk producers and possess good draftability also. The colour is complete white (Dhawar) or Grey (Sokan). The horns are medium sized and emerge from side of the poll behind and above eyes in outward and curving upwards and inwards ending with pointed tips. The forehead is prominent, straight and broad with shallow groove in the middle. Eyelids, muzzle, hooves and tail switch are generally black in colour. The average milk yield in a lactation is around 1050 Kg, varying from 900 to 1200 Kg with an average fat of 4.9 %, varying from 4.1 to 5.2 %.
Badri imagesBadriThe Red Hill Cattle or Badri is a dual-purpose ‘desi’ cattle breed – reared for milking and draught purposes. The petite Badri cow is found only in the hill districts and was earlier known as the ‘pahadi’ cow. These cattle are well adapted to the hilly terrain and the climatic conditions of Uttarakhand. The cattle are small-sized with a docile temperament. These have varied body colours – black, brown, red, white or grey, of which the red colour cows are said to outnumber the others. The neck is wide and small, with bright and alert eyes. The ears are erect and alert. The hump is prominent. The tail is long with a black switch. The legs are long and straight with foot pad and hooves. The hooves and muzzles are black or brown in colour. The udder is less developed – small in size, and tucked up with the body. Height averages at 105 cms. Body length averages at 137 cms. Body weight averages at 225 kgs. Average chest girth is 115 cms. Milk yield is 1 litre t
Lakhimi imagesLakhimiLakhimi cattle of Assam are distributed in entire state and reared for milk and draught purposes by local people. Total population is about 79 Lakhs. Animals are small sized, horned and have relatively short legs. Coat colour is variable mainly brown and grey. Hump is medium in size and the backline is slightly curved. Udder is small and bowel shaped. Bullocks are excellent draft animals especially for carting and ploughing especially in the muddy fields for paddy cultivation. Lactation milk yield ranges from 270 to 375kg.