Breeds - goat
| ||Himalayan breed||The goats of this breed are white haired and sturdily built. The breed is also known as gaddi, jamba, kashmiri according to their localities where they are reared. They inhabit kangra and kulu valleys, chamba, sirmur and Simla in Himachal pradesh and parts of Jammu hills. Castrated bucks are used for transporting merchandise in the hilly tracts.|
| ||Pashmina||These are small dainty animals with quick movements. They are raised above 3400 m elevations in the Himalayas, Ladakh and Lahaul and spiti valleys. They produce the softest and warmest animal fibre used for high quality fabrics. The yield of pashmina varies from 75-150 g/goat.|
| ||Chegu||This breed is found in the mountainous range of spiti, yaksar and Kashmir. The goats of this breed yield of pashmina, good meat and a small quantity of milk.|
| ||Jamnunapari||Native of Etawah district of Uttar Pradesh. These are large sized, tall, leggy with large folded pendulous ears and prominent Roman nose. They carry long and thick hair on their hind quarters and has a glossy goat. Horns are short flat. The body weight of adult bucks and does varies from 65 to 86 kg and 45-61 respectively. The average daily milk yield in 2.25 to 2.7 kg. The milk yield in a lactation period of, 250 days varies from 250 - 300 kg with 3.5 percent fat content. The Jamunapari goats have been used for evolving the famous Anglo -Nubian breed of goats in England|
| ||Beetal||Mainly found in Punjab and this breed is evolved from Jamunapari breed. Color is red and tan, heavily spotted on white. Bucks weight 65 - 86 kg does weight 45-61 kg does yield about 1 kg milk daily, bucks may have a beard.|
| ||Barbari||This breed is found in Etawah, Etah, Agra and Mathura districts of U.P, kamal, Paniphat and Rothak in Hariyana, color varies with white, red and tan sports being common. These are small and short haired, with erect horns. Adult buck weighs from 36 - 45 kg and the doe from 27 -36 kg. They are usually stall fed and yield 0.90 to 1.25 kg of milk (fat 5%) per day in a lactation period of 108 days. They are prolific breeders and usually kid twice in 12 -15 months. This breed is highly fit for intensive rearing.|
| ||Kathiiawari||This breed is native of Kutch, Northern Gujarat and Rajasthan. The goats have black coat with reddish color marks on the neck. The doe yields about 1.25 k.g of milk per day.|
| ||SURTI||Surti goats resemble Berari goats and possess white, short legs. Surti is popular in Bombay, Nasik and Surat. Does are good milk producers yielding 2.25 kg per day.|
| ||Deccania or Osmanabadi||These have originated from a mixture of the goats of the plains. They are black, mixtures of white and black or red are also found. The milk yield is 1.4 to 2.25 kg per day.|
| ||Malarbar (or) Tellicherry||Found in Northern Kerala|
| ||GBRI|| This is a mixture of two more type of goats. The color is not uniform and may vary from black to white. The milk yield in is 0.9 to 2.8 kg/day.|
| ||Bengal||The goats of this breed are found in 3 colours viz. Black, Brown and White. They are small short breeds. The meat of this breed is of superior quality. Bucks weigh 14-16 kg and nannies 9-14 kg. Does kids twice in a year, twins are common. The skin of Bengal goats are of excellent quality and is in great demand in India and abroad in foot-wear industry.|
| ||Assam Hill Goat||Distributed in Assam and adjoining areas of the Meghalaya.
Assam Hill goats are mostly white with occasional black patches on backline and legs.
These goats are short legged with small body size.
Both buck and does are bearded and have short cylindrical horns which are directed upwards and outwards. Ears are medium in size, horizontally placed with pointed tips.
This is an important meat type animal with high prolificacy.
These goats are reared mainly for meat.
Adult body weight ranges from 15 to 26kg.
Age at first kidding ranges from 337 to 447 days.
Average litter size is 1.6.|
| ||Salem Black||Salem Black is reared by Vanniyar and Kongu vellala Gounder communities for meat, skin and manure in Salem, Dharmapuri, Krishnagiri and Erode districts of Tamil Nadu. Estimated population is about 86 thousand. These goats are tall, lean and leggy. Colour is black. Ears are medium, semi-pendulous having leaf-like appearance. Both males and females have horns that are medium in size, curved upwards and backwards. In males, neck is thick, broad and well placed. Early sexual maturity, multiple births and low mortality are main features of this breed.|
| ||Kanni||The Kanni-Adu breed is found in Tamil Nadu in south India. They are also known locally as Pullaiadu and Karapuadu. They are tall animals, predominantly black or black with white spots. The ears are medium long, males are horned and females are polled|
| ||Kodi||Locally the goat is also called as Seeni Adu, because of its promising reproductive performance. Pallai Adu goats were seen in variety of coat colours (Mariadas, 1996). Kanni Adu and Kodi Adu are the other two major indigenous goat breeds found in the Pallai Adu breeding tract.|
| ||Boer||The Boer goat is a breed of goat that was developed in South Africa in the early 1900s for meat production. Their name is derived from the Afrikaans (Dutch) word boer, meaning farmer. Boer goats are a popular breed for meat.|
| ||Kahmi goat||This goat is native to Saurastra region of Gujarat.
Coat color is unique - neck and face are reddish brown while rear abdominal part is black, locally called Kahmi.
Ears are long, tubular & coiled, locally called veludi.
Wattles are present in majority of goat.
Forehead is convex.
Horns are directed upwards and backwards.
These goats are used both for meat & milk.
Average daily milk yield is about 1.7kg.
Adult body weight is 56kg in males and 48kg in females.
Average liter size is 1.4.|
| ||Rohilkhandi goat||Native to Rohilkhand region of Uttar Pradesh, and is reared for meat and milk.
Coat colour is predominantly black with star or patch on neck and face in some animals.
Majority of animals are horned which are curved, and directed laterally and outwardly.
Beard and wattles are absent in both sexes.
Forehead is slightly convex.
Tuft of hair (black or brown) is present in thigh region.
Tail is bunchy.
Adult body weight ranges from 25 to 36kg in male and from 21 to 31kg in female.
Twinning is common and triplets are frequently observed.
Average litter size is 1.57.
Daily milk yield ranges from 450 to 740g.|
| ||Bidri goat||These are black colored goats found in north-eastern part of Karnataka.
Muzzle, eyelids and hooves are black.
Horns are present and are directed backward, outward and downward.
Ears are pendulous.
Goats are reared for meat only.
Twining is common but first kidding is single.
Average litter size is 1.7.
Adult weight varies from 23 to 52kg in males and 19 to 45kg in females.|
| ||Nandidurga goat||These are white colored goats found in southern part of Karnataka.
Muzzle, eyelids and hooves are black.
Ears are leafy and pendulous.
Horns are directed backward, downward and inward touching neck in few animals.
These are reared for meat only.
Twining is common.
Adult weight varies from 26 to 56kg in males and 24 to 41kg in females.|
| ||Bhakarwali goat||These are white colored goats distributed in Jammu division of Jammu & Kashmir.
Face or hind quarters are black in some animals.
Pure black goats are also found.
Whole body is covered with long hairs.
These are large sized goats having convex head.
Ears are cut and pendulous.
Horns are screw type and are carried upwards and backwards.
These are reared for meat and milk.
Udder is pendulous.
Adult body weight varies from 35 to 60kg in males and 30 to 50kg in females.
Average daily milk yield is about 900g.|
| ||Attapady||The Attappady Black breed is native to the Palakkad district of Kerala.
This local goat breed evolved and developed by tribal communities in the region, is medium sized, lean and slender bodied and black in colour.
They have bronze coloured eyes and black horns with curved backward oriented tips.
The ears are black and pendulous and the tail is curved and bunchy.
Attappady goats are poor milk producers and are reared mainly for meat.
The birth weight of males and females is around 1.73 kg and 1.60 kg respectively. |
| ||Changthangi||Changthangi goat is a medium sized very beautiful domestic goat breed.
They are raised for cashmere production, but also very good as a meat goat breed.
They are most often white in color but also seen in black, gray or brown.
Both bucks and does have large twisted horns.
Average body weight of a Changthangi buck is about 31 kg.
The does on average weight about 26 kg.|
| ||Ganjam||Ganjam goat is one among the twenty-two recognized goat breeds of India.
It is found in the southern parts of the Ganjam district of Orissa and bordering region of Andhra Pradesh.
Ganjam goats are tall leggy with distinct ground clearance, medium in size and mostly used for meat purpose. The predominant coat colours are brown and black; ears are drooping, pendulous and medium in size.
Head is short, compact and slightly convex. Horns are flat, twisted, directed upward and backward and curved both clock-wise and anti clock-wise. Beard is common in adult males.
The average body weight of adult male and female are 37 and 32 kg respectively.
The age at first kidding vary from 600-650 days.
Twinning is low and ranged from 10-15%.
The average daily milk yield is 1.30 kg. |
| ||Gohilwadi||The Gohilwadi breed is concentrated in the north-west arid and semi arid regions in the Bhavnagar, Amreli and Junagadh districts of Gujarat.
It derives its name from Gohilwad which was a part of the Kathiawar region and was also the old name for district Bhavnagar.
Gohilwadi goats are multipurpose animals and are reared for milk, meat and fibre production.
The traditional keepers of this breed are the Rabari and Bharwar communities (also known as Maldharis). These are relatively large animals with a black coat covered with coarse long hair.
The nose line is slightly convex.
Ears are tubular and drooping; both bucks and does have slightly twisted horns, turned backward.
Age at first kidding is around 20 months, with a twinning percentage of 40 to 50%.
Milk yield is about 1.7 kgs per day and the average lactation period is 227 days.
According to the 18th Livestock Census 2007, the number of Gohilwadi goats in the country is 321,634. |
| ||Jakhrana||The Jakharana goat (also spelled Jakrana or Jakhrana) is a dairy goat breed which is primarily raised for milk production.
It is an important dairy goat breed of the semi-arid tract of the Rajasthan, India.
The breed was named after the name of the village which is native place of these goats.
Jakharana goat is a medium to large sized animal with compact body.
It is quite similar to the Beetal goat in appearance, but the Jakharana goats are longer.
Their coat color is black with white spots on the ears and muzzle.
Their face is straight with raised forehead.
They have short and lustrous hair on their coat.
Both bucks and does usually have small horns.
Their horns are short, stumpy directed upward and backward.
The Jakharana goats have leafy and dropping ears.
And their ears are medium in length.
Udder of the Jakharana does is large in size and well developed with long conical teats.
Average body height of the adult buck is 84 cm, and 77 cm for the does.
| ||Kutchi||The Kutchi goat (also known as Kathiawari) is an important breed of domestic goat from Gujarat state of India.
It is a dual purpose breed and raised for both meat and milk production.
The breed is native to the Kutch district of Gujarat.
The Kutchi goat breed derives it’s name after the ‘Kutch‘ district.
The Kutch district in northern Gujarat is the natural habitat of this goat breed.
Although the goats are also found in adjoining areas of southern Rajasthan, apart from the Kutch region.
Kutchi goat is a medium sized animal with a compact body and long legs.
It has a predominantly black colored coat with a few white spots.
Ears of the Kutchi goats are medium in size, flappy and drooping with typical white markings.
Their face is slightly raised.
The hair is coarse and long and the nose is slightly Roman.
Both bucks and does usually have horns.
The bucks have relatively long and strong horns, while the does have flat and weak horns.
Udder of the does is re|
| ||Malabari||Malabari is a breed of medium-sized goats seen widely in the northern districts.
They are known to be well-adapted to the hot humid conditions of the State.
The Malabari goat's colour varies from white to black.
The bucks are generally bearded.
Many females and males have a hanging protuberance from the neck, which is considered a trait of the Malabari breed.
Moreover, the goats breed and grow quite fast.
The Kerala Livestock Development Board's farm at Dhoni has registered an average daily weight gain of 100 g for the young ones until they are six months old.
Fully grown males weigh 30 to 35 kg and the females 25 to 30 kg.
Malabari goats yield less than one kg of milk during peak days and can be milked for four to five months.|
| ||Marwari||The Marwari goats are very beautiful animals which were originated from India.
Their name derives from their natural habitat 'Marwar' region of Rajasthan.
Marwari goats are mainly available and distributed through the Marwar region of Rajasthan, comprising Jodhpur, Pali, Nagaur, Jalore, Jaisalmer, Barmer and Bikaner districts.
They are also available in some areas of Gujarat, especially Mehsana district.
The Marwari is a dual-purpose goat breed. And it is raised and valued for both meat and milk production purpose.
The Marwari goats are medium sized animals with very beautiful appearance.
They generally appear in black color with long shaggy hair coat.
Some individuals are also observed with white or brown patches.
Both bucks and does are generally horned, and their horns are of medium length.
The horns are directed upward and backward and pointed at tips.
The bucks generally have longer and stronger horns than the does.
The ears of the Marwari goat are long, flappi|
| ||Mehsana||The Mehsana goat is a dual purpose breed of domestic goat which is raised primarily for meat and milk production.
The breed originates from the Gujarat state of India. And it’s an important breed in it’s place of origin.
Not surprisingly, the Mehsana goat breed derives it’s name from the origin place called ‘Mehsana‘ in Gujarat.
The breed is found in it’s most pure form in this area.
The Mehsana goat is widely spread and distributed in Banaskantha, Palanur, Gandhi Nagar, Ahmadabad and nearby areas in varying intensity.
The Mehsana goats are medium to large sized animal with convex face profile.
Their coat color is mainly black with white spots at the base of the ears.
The hair on the coat is long and shaggy.
Their nose line is straight.
Ears of the Mehsana goat are of medium size and white in color, which are leaf-like and dropping.
Both bucks and does are bearded and usually have horns.
Their horns have one or two twists and curved upward and backward |
| ||Sangamneri||Sangemneri breed is from Maharashtra, India.
You will find these Goats in Ahmednagar, Pune, Nasik, etc.
This is mostly a white in color, you can also find some with brown and Black with sports of 3 colors.
This is reared for both Milk and Meat.
Meat quality is good while Milk yield is somewhere around 1-2 liters per day.
A medium sized breed with long hairs and average birth weight around 1.9 kg.
It Kids once a year, single or twins, Average age at first kidding is around 18 to 20 months.
Buck weight is around 38kg and doe 29kg.|
| ||Sirohi||The Sirohi goat is an Indian breed, which is native to the Sirohi district of Rajasthan.
The name Sirohi derived from the home tract.
The breed is also known as Ajmeri, Devgarhi and Parbatsar.
Sirohi goats can be found over the Ajmer, Bhilwara, Japipur and Tonk districts.
Now the goat breed is found in almost every state of India.
Sirohi goat is a medium sized animals.
It has predominantly brown colored coat with dark or light brown patches.
On occasion, the color of a very few goats may be completely white.
The body is covered with fairly dense soft and coarse hair.
The hair grows at the rate of about 2 centimeter per year.
Sirohi goats have medium sized flat dropping ears (much like leaf), and most of the goats are wattled.
Both Sirohi buck and doe have small horns which is curved upward and backward.
Their tail is curved upward and medium in length.
Their legs are long and very strong.
The udder of Sirohi doe is small and round, with small teats placed lat|
| ||Zalawadi||Zalawadi is one of the major goat breed in Gujarat.
It is believed that the breed originated in the erstwhile 'Zalawad' region now known as Surendranagar district and part of Zalawad falling in Rajkot districts.
Zalawadi goats are locally known as Tara bakari and native of then Zalawad province of Kathiawad now known as Surendranagar district of Saurashtra (Gujarat).
It has spread in the adjoining area of Jamnagar and Ahmadabad districts also.
It is a medium to large sized breed of dual utility with long legs.
The coat is predominantly black with lustrous, long shinning hairs.
Some animals have black and white mixed coat.
Face is slightly raised.
Both male and females have twisted corkscrew type horns directed upward and backward with pointed tips. Ears are long, leafy and drooping and are invariably white speckled.
The ears are so wide loose and leafy that the shepherds traditionally trim the ears and sometimes split the ears to avoid injuries from thorny bushes w|
| ||Konkan Kanyal||They are native to the Konkan region of Maharashtra, and are reared mostly by the Dhangar and Maratha communities for meat.
These goats are mainly black with a white marking in a specific pattern–the ventral surface of the body is white and the legs have white ‘stockings’.
Konkan Kanyal goats have bilateral white strips from nostrils to ears; a flat and broad forehead; flat, long drooping ears; backward, straight, pointed, cylindrical horns; white muzzle and long legs, laterally black, medially white from knee to the fetlock joint.
The body weight of adult bucks and does averages 35 and 30 kg respectively.
Konkan Kanyal goats are regular breeders and breed round the year, with a twinning percentage of about 66%.|
| ||Berari||Category: Meat type
Home Tract: Vidarbha region of Maharashtra specifically in Kalamana and Bhiwapur Tehsils of Nagpur district, India.
Body: Medium sized, compact
Body Coat colour: Dark tan to light tan. Light to dark strip on lateral sides from base of horn to nostrils, black colour ring around neck in adult male, and black hair line along with the vertebral column extending up to tail in both sexes was observed as unique characteristic in Berari goat.
Face: With straight nose
Ears: Pendulous (drooping), flat and leafy
Horns: Present in both the sexes; straight, orientation of horn was mostly found as upward-backward. In some curved horns are seen.
Muzzle: Predominantly black but in some brown
Beard: In majority (98%) absent
Wattle: In majority (98%) absent
Udder: Bowl shaped udder (89%) with conical teat shape and pointed teat tip.
Age at first conception: 10-11 months
Average kidding age: 460 days
Kidding interval: 240|
| ||Pantja||Pantja goat is reared for meat and milk in Udham Singh and Nainital districts of Uttarakhand and adjacent Tarai area of Uttar Pradesh.
These goats are well adapted to humid condition of Tarai region.
Twining is common in Pantja goat.|
| ||Teressa||Home Tract: Terresa, Katchal and Bambooka Islands of Andaman & Nicabar, India.
Body: Tall and sturdy
Body Coat: Brownish or tan in colour with white or black patches.
Litter size: They generally give birth to twins and triplets.
Body weight: Adult male: 50-70 kg, Adult female: 50-65 kg
Remarks: These goats are semi-feral in nature.
They can survive in hot and humid climate.
These goats are generally reared in free-range system.
These goats are resistant to common diseases.
These goats need for in-situ and ex-situ conservation.|
| ||Sumi-Ne||Sumi-Ne Goat of Nagaland also known as “Nagaland long hair goat” is reared by Sumi tribes in traditional open range system with almost zero input.
Estimated population is about 4,500.
It is a medium sized goat reared mainly for its silky fibre.
Coat colour is white with black patches on head, neck and legs.
Head is straight.
Ears are horizontal.
Horns are pointed, small sized and curved backwards.
Beard is present.
Long silky fibres obtained from these goats are used by local people for making traditional items with socio-cultural significance.|