Breeds - camel
| ||Bikaneri||The camels of Bikaneri breed are heavily built and are attractive with a noble look.
It has good height, strong built and active habits.
The colour of the coat varies from brown to black, however in some animals reddish tinge is also found.
They have symmetrical body and slightly dome shaped head.
The fore head has a well-marked depression (stop) above the eyes, which is characteristic of this breed.
Nose is long and extends up to two third of the head.
Some camels of this breed have a luxuriant growth of hair on their eyebrows, eyelids and ears, they are called ‘jheepra’.
The chest pad is well developed and placed between angles of elbow.
The shoulders are strong, broad and well set to chest.
Neck is thick, fairly erect, with a marked curve giving a graceful carriage to the head.
The udder is well developed in females. |
| ||Jaisalmeri||The Jaisalmeri camels are of active temperament and are quite tall with long and thin legs.
They have small head and mouth with narrow muzzle.
The head is well carried on a thin neck and the eyes are prominent.
The forehead is not dome shaped and is without any depression above eyes (stop).
Also, there is no luxuriant growth of hairs on their eyebrows, eyelids and ears.
The body colour is predominantly light brown.
The Jaisalmeri camels have thin skin and short hairs on body.
The udder is mostly round in shape.
It is a medium sized breed of camel. |
| ||Jalori|| It is a crossbred between Marwari and Jaisalmeri, having origin the southern part of the river Luni.
The breed is smaller in size and mainly used for transport.|
| ||Kutchi||The camels of this breed are generally brown to dark brown in colour with absence of hair on eyelids and ears. The body hairs are coarse. Head is of medium size without distinct “stop”.
Body size is medium.
Camels of this breed are heavy and dull in appearance.
They are stouter and little shorter.
They have strong hindquarters, heavy legs, hard and thick foot pads and are well adapted to the humid climate and marshy land of Kachchh.
In some animals the lower lip is droopy due to which the teeth are visible from a distance.
The udder is well developed and mostly round in shape.|
| ||Mewari||Genetic improvement of indigenous camels through conventional and molecular Mewari camels are stouter and a little shorter than Bikaneri.
They have strong hindquarters, heavy legs, hard and thick foot pads.
Well adapted to travel and carry loads across hills.
The body hairs are coarse, which protects them from the bites of wild honeybees and insects.
The body colour varies from light brown to dark brown but some animals are almost white in colour, such variation in body colour is generally not seen in other breeds of camel.
The head is heavy, set on a thick neck.
Unlike the Bikaneri camel, the Mewari camel has no ‘stop’, but its muzzle is loose.
Ears are thick and short, set well apart, tail is long and thick.
The milk vein is prominent and the udder is well developed in females. |
| ||Malvi||Category: Dromedary, milch, draught
Home tract: Mandsaur district of Madhya Pradesh, adjoining parts of Rajasthan
Body: Small sized; probably the smallest of all Indian camel breeds
Body coat: Very light or off- white colour
Forehead: Pronounced convex
Nose: Roman nose
Mouth: Extremely pendulous lower lip that is longer and protrudes further than the upper lip.
Legs: Short but sturdy
Heart girth: Male – 214 cm, female – 196-215 cm
Height at withers: Male – 195-200 cm, female – 175-202 cm
Daily milk yield: 5-6 kg per day|
| ||Marwari|| These are found in the surrounding area of Udaipur and Kota districts of Rajasthan.
They are smaller in size, compact body constitution, mainly useful as baggage animals.|
| ||Mewati||Category: Dromedary, milch, draught
Home tract: Mewat of Haryana and Alwar and Bharatpur of Rajasthan
Heavily built, sturdy, and heavy load carrying capacity are specific characteristics of this breed.|
| ||Kharai||Kharai Camel or Swimming Camels are found only in Gujarat’s Bhuj area. It has been recently recognized as a separate breed (one among nine such breeds found in India) of camel for better conservation.
This camel is adapted to the extreme climate of Ran of Kachh where shallow seas and high salinity is prevalent. Kharai Camel can live in both coastal and dry ecosystems.
It grazes on saline / mangrove trees and is tolerant to high saline water.
It can swim up to three kilometers into the sea in search of mangroves, their primary food.
The camel is distinct from other camels because of its rounded back, long and thin legs and small feet.|
| ||Shekawati|| It originates in Alwar and Bharatpur districts of Rajasthan.
The breed is strong, heavier with good endurance and mainly useful for loading, riding, ploughing and other farm operations.|
| ||Sindh|| It originates from the Sindh province of Pakistan and is mostly found in Jodhpur.
The camels of this breed have short, less curved smaller neck.
There are two types of Sindhi camels and they are: